Romanticism
Romanticism (French romantisme from the Latin. Roman romanum from Roma - Rome) is one of two, along with Classicism, the fundamental tendencies of artistic thinking. However, historically, this word has…

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Portraits of Sumarokov by A. Losenko and F. Rokotov
When the painter paints a portrait of a contemporary, he sees it as if in the “halo” of events, the ideological aspirations of his era, perceives him as a person…

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Anton Refrezhier - born in Moscow
Refrege was born in Moscow in the year of the first Russian revolution. This fact would seem irrelevant to the biography of an American artist: after all, his father took…

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influence of Venice

Gustave Courbet – “son of revolution”

The name Courbet means for the art of the XIX century no less than Rembrandt and Velázquez for the XVII century. After all, he openly proclaimed realism as his creative method, he was a member of the Paris Commune. The artist was always in the center of class battles, beginning with the revolution of 1848. Could he be out of it? Courbet did not lead the uprisings, but his works are inspired by those who participated in them – the people of labor. Continue reading

Chinese classical painting

Painting of China, flourishing in the era of the Middle Ages – IV – XIX centuries of our era, it was not by chance that it occupied an honorable place in the world history of art. In this area of ​​artistic culture, Chinese masters managed to leave a particularly bright mark. With extraordinary conviction, they embodied the beauty of nature, the idea of ​​harmony and grandeur of the universe. Continue reading

Egyptian ostracon drawings

In the art of ancient Egypt, there are monuments that make up a special group. These are works of graphics – drawings on boards. The Greek word “ostracon” literally means a shard, a fragment of ceramics. However, in relation to the art of ancient Egypt, it has a more capacious meaning. This word is commonly understood as drawings made not only on fragments of ceramics, but mostly on chipped stone (usually limestone), less often wood, that is, on material that was always at hand with masters engaged in decorating the tombs of the Theban necropolis — painting walls , manufacturing of statues and items of funeral inventory. Continue reading

Syrian landscapes
Most of the landscape compositions by Syrian artists are devoted to old Damascus and the village of Maaloula, located in a picturesque mountain area near Damascus. She became a source…

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Andrei Ryabushkin - historical painter
Russian art of the late XIX - early XX century is rich in bright individuals. But among them Ryabushkin remains a master who created a special artistic world. His originality…

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